2 New Posts Against or For Abortion

May 8, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

English 123

10 May 2010

Against or For Abortion

            Abortion is a very tough topic to discuss because it comes down to each person’s own moral beliefs. It’s one of those topics that will turn a normal conversation into a heated argument akin to a four alarm fire. I will present some pro and con information as well as give my opinion on the topic.

            Here are some pro-life arguments directly followed with my opinion.

Since life begins at conception, abortion is akin to murder as it is the act of taking human life. Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life (Ten Arguments). Who determined life begins at conception? If this is true, can we punish a mother who gives birth to a stillborn child?  Adoption is a viable alternative to abortion and accomplishes the same result. And with 1.5 million American families wanting to adopt a child, there is no such thing as an unwanted child (Ten Arguments). Adoption is a good thing unfortunately the process is long and costs are high which make less people pursue adoption. This means more kids have to be take care of by the government and this effect us all.  No civilized society permits one human to intentionally harm or take the life of another human without punishment, and abortion is no different (Ten Arguments). This statement obviously comes down to your values or beliefs.  I feel no harm is being done; an unwanted kid is being saved from the cruelties this world can impose. Why are we not up in arms over a race horse that suffers an incurable injury and is put out of his misery thru death? An abortion can result in medical complications later in life; the risk of ectopic pregnancies doubles, and the chance of a miscarriage and pelvic inflammatory disease also increases (Ten Arguments). There are risks with ninety-nine percent of any medication we take or surgery we have. In the instance of rape and incest, proper medical care can ensure that a woman will not get pregnant. Abortion punishes the unborn child who committed no crime; instead, it is the perpetrator who should be punished (Ten Arguments). This proper medical care is not one hundred percent guaranteed and is only successful if the woman seeks this treatment in a timely manner.

            The other side of this argument has some good points as well, here are some pro-choice arguments directly followed by my opinion. Nearly all abortions take place in the first trimester, when a fetus cannot exist independent of the mother. As it is attached by the placenta and umbilical cord, its health is dependent on her health, and cannot be regarded as a separate entity as it cannot exist outside her womb (Ten Arguments). This is very hard to argue against. The concept of personhood is different from the concept of human life. Human life occurs at conception, but fertilized eggs used for in vitro fertilization are also human lives and those not implanted are routinely thrown away. Is this murder, and if not, then how is abortion murder? I agree with this statement. Adoption is not an alternative to abortion, because it remains the woman’s choice whether or not to give her child up for adoption. Statistics show that very few women who give birth choose to give up their babies – less than 3% of white unmarried women and less than 2% of black unmarried women (Ten Arguments). The bad things that sometime happen to adopted kids warrant them not being placed in the situation. Abortion is a safe medical procedure. The vast majority of women – 88% – who have an abortion do so in their first trimester. Medical abortions have less than 0.5% risk of serious complications and do not affect a woman’s health or future ability to become pregnant or give birth (Ten Arguments). This shows a woman can still have children after an abortion. Taxpayer dollars are used to enable poor women to access the same medical services as rich women, and abortion is one of these services. Funding abortion is no different from funding a war in the Mideast. For those who are opposed, the place to express outrage is in the voting booth (Ten Arguments). I agree.

            In conclusion, this is a very tough argument that could go either way. I am for it but also believe that there is very few times where it shouldn’t be done.

Works Cited

Lowen, Linda. “Ten Arguments For Abortion and Against Abortion.” Women’s Issues – All About Women’s Issues. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://womensissues.about.com/od/reproductiverights/a/AbortionArgumen.htm&gt;.

Legal Drinking Age (Evaluation Arguement)

April 26, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

ENGL 123

24 April 2010

Legal Drinking Age

            I would like to present to you the “legal drinking age of 21”. There is an ongoing argument to lower the age limit to eighteen for a long time. I’ve found some information that may change or validate your stance on this subject.

            The 1984 National Minimum Drinking Age Act, [23 U.S.C. § 158], requires that States prohibit persons under 21 years of age from purchasing or publicly possessing alcoholic beverages as a condition of receiving State highway funds. A Federal regulation that interprets the Act excludes from the definition of “public possession,” possession “for an established religious purpose; when accompanied by a parent, spouse or legal guardian age 21 or older; for medical purposes when prescribed or administered by a licensed physician, pharmacist, dentist, nurse, hospital or medical institution; in private clubs or establishments; or to the sale, handling, transport, or service in dispensing of any alcoholic beverage pursuant to lawful employment of a person under the age of twenty-one years by a duly licensed manufacturer, wholesaler, or retailer of alcoholic beverages”,[23 C.F.R. § 1208.3](Age Act).

            You look at this and scratch your head like a cat and say a person cannot drink until age 21 so States can receive money for highway funds. Let’s take a closer look. The intention of this policy is to lower alcohol use and its associated problems among youth (College Drinking). Following Prohibition, most states established an age-21 minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) (College Drinking). During the early 1970s, a trend toward lowering the MLDA to age 18, 19 or 20 began in the United States, providing many natural experiments (College Drinking). As a result of research evidence indicating that traffic crashes among youth increased following lowering of the legal age, a citizens’ effort began urging states to raise the MLDA back to age 21 (College Drinking). In 1984, the federal government enacted the Uniform Drinking Age Act, which provided for the withholding of federal highway funds from states that failed to increase their MLDA (College Drinking). By 1988, all states had established an age-21 MLDA (College Drinking). Armed like a thief robbing a bank with this knowledge you know can understand why there is an age limit for drinking.

            I would like to conclude by saying I agree with the current law. Our youth today are not responsible and only care about themselves. They do more than their share of drinking now; I can’t imagine worst it would be if they were legally allowed to drink alcohol at age 18. Despite progress in recent decades, most youth continue to have access to alcohol, most drink at least occasionally, and a substantial fraction regularly become intoxicated (College Drinking). The social costs from injuries, deaths and damage associated with underage drinking remain high (College Drinking). The benefits of the legal drinking age of 21 have occurred with or no active enforcement in most areas. Simply by increasing enforcement levels and deterring adults from selling or providing alcohol to minors, even more injuries and deaths related to alcohol use among youth are likely to be prevented each year (College Drinking).

                                                                       

Works Cited

“APIS – The 1984 National Minimum Drinking Age Act.” APIS – Welcome to the Alcohol Policy Information System. Web. 24 Apr. 2010. <http://alcoholpolicy.niaaa.nih.gov/The_1984_National_Minimum_Drinking_Age_Act258.html

 “Journal of Studies on Alcohol.” Research about Alcohol and College Drinking Prevention. Web. 24 Apr. 2010. <http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/SupportingResearch/Journal/wagenaar.aspx&gt;.

Teacher (Subjective)

April 25, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

ENGL 123

24 April 2010

Being a Teacher

              To become an air traffic controller in the United States Air Force you have to attend Air Traffic Control School. After successful completion of training you go to duty assignment and the real process of becoming an air traffic controller begins. This means a lot of on the job training. In school you talk to fake airplanes, in the real environment you talk to real airplanes. In school if two airplanes collide it’s no big deal because airplanes are computer generated so there is no loss of life or equipment. In the real environment if two airplanes collide there will be loss of life and equipment.

            I know this to be true because I was an air traffic controller in the United States Air Force and I went through this training. It is not easy becoming an air traffic controller, you have a lot of information you have to retain and know.  To start your training you are assigned a teacher. This person is a fully qualified controller whose job is to get qualified. You are given charts, maps, rules and regulations to memorize. You are constantly tested on this information and when you get it wrong your teacher will growl at you like a grizzly bear.  The training at times is intense because you have to make sure the person being taught knows his stuff. During intense training you can get mad at your teacher.  Mad like a heavyweight boxer, you want to knock you teacher out.

            I had some tense moments with my teacher during my training. These moments made me want to be a teacher, a teacher that could help someone without making them want to chop my head off like a samurai warrior.  When I earned my teaching certification I was very excited because I really wanted to help someone become a controller.  I would start the teaching process by accessing my pupil’s strength and weaknesses. I next assure them that they can come tell me their concerns and I would address them. I give them the confidence to work at their own pace. This makes the pupil feel like they are a part of the team, which make their teaching smooth as butter.

                When a pupil has a problem learning a particular skill I would sit down with them in private and discuss ways they could learn. For example, how to sequence airplanes. This skill requires you to be able to place airplanes in a single line with the correct amount of distance. To do this a pupil must be aware of the speed and characteristics of each airplane he is talking to. In this case I would draw airplanes on paper with different airspeeds and then ask the pupil to sequence. Of course, he would put the faster airplanes in front of the slower ones. Now I would draw the same scenario again and tell him to put all slower airplanes in front of the faster ones.

            This required some thinking and the use of other skills he had learned such as vectoring and speed restrictions. When the pupil completes this personal training with a complete understanding of how to sequence you feel good knowing you have just helped someone become an air traffic controller.

Video Composition

April 22, 2010

1.   What is the authority of the commentary?

The person commenting using his opinion or facts or both.

2.   What type of argument is attempted (definition, evaluative, other)?

Evaluative

3.   What evidence is cited? Is the evidence convincing? Valid? Verifiable?

Abortion facts and opinions, Yes, Yes

4.   Where do the two viewpoints conflict? How and why?

The two viewpoints do not necessarily conflict. The both give

Pro and con

5.   Which do you judge to be the most convincing? Why?

The adult or second video because he comes across well spoken

And knowledgeable

Maurice Causal Argument

April 19, 2010

One parent families are or are not the cause of emotional and behavioral problems in children? I personally do not feel there is a right or wrong answer to this question. Each situation is different and each individual handles things differently. What is a problem for one child is not always a problem for another child. I will present different comments from different sources and you be the judge.

            There is a growing body of research that is demonstrating that many emotional disorders have a neurological cause and are genetic (Bucyrus 1).   The good news is that if the parents are aware of their history and know of relatives who have successfully treated these disorders, they are more comfortable with what needs to be done (Bucyrus 1).  The bad news is that if there is a clear familial history of a disorder in a family but the family does not accept that and has never treated it, they may not be able to see the symptoms (Bucyrus 1). Here it doesn’t matter if you are a one parent or two parent home, some disorders are genetic.

            In the United States, the effects of single-parent family life on children fall into two categories: (1) those attributed to the lower socioeconomic status of single parents and (2) the short-term consequences of divorce that moderate over time (Family 2). Four factors are predictive of U.S. children’s adjustment to the divorce of their parents: the passage of time, the quality of the children’s relationship with their residential parent, the level of conflict between parents, and the economic standing of the children’s residential family (Family 2). In the first few years after a divorce, the children have higher rates of antisocial behavior, aggression, anxiety, and school problems than children in two parent families (Family 2). However, some of these problems may be attributed to a decrease in available resources and adult super-vision; many of the negative effects disappear when there is adequate supervision, income, and continuity in social networks (Family 2).

            Much of the debate over single-parent families focuses on how these trends affect children (Enote 3). Many social scientists contend that children raised in single-parent homes are more likely to experience a variety of problems than are children raised in two-parent homes (Enote 3). According to Lloyd Eby, assistant editor of the World & I magazine, and Charles A. Donovan, a senior policy consultant at the Family Research Council, “The sociological evidence now available shows conclusively that children suffer when they grow up in any family situation other than an intact two-parent family formed by their biological father and mother who are married to each other (Enote 3).” Some sociological studies suggest that children of single parents are more likely to be poor, to commit crimes, to use drugs, to do poorly in school, or to become pregnant (Enote 3). While most people agree that children are better off in families with two parents (as long as both parents are nonabusive), many believe that the adverse impact of single-parent families on children has been exaggerated (Enote 3).

Works Cited

  1. http://www.bucyrus.k12.oh.us/bucpsych/Emotional_Problems.htm

      2.http://family.jrank.org/pages/1577/Single-Parent-Families-Effects-on-Children.html

  1. http://www.enotes.com/single-parent-families-article

Objective 1

April 13, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

ENGL 123

01 April 2010

Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2009

I would like to give some back ground on the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993. The Act establishes in the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior a Public Lands Corps, consisting of individuals aged 16-25. The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior each may use the Corps, or any other qualified youth or conservation corps, to carry out appropriate conservation projects. The Secretaries are authorized to provide room, board, transportation, medical care and other necessary services, and to establish conservation centers for project use. Corps members must be paid a living allowance and are eligible for student loan forbearance or national service educational awards under the National and Community Service Act. The Act also authorizes the Secretaries to place resource assistants, at least 17 years old, with federal land managing agencies and nonprofit organizations to carry out research or resource protection activities.

Mr. Grijalva and Mr. Rahall have introduced the following bill to amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service-learning opportunities on public lands, help restore the Nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources, train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts, and promote the value of public service. I argue this is a good bill and will do what it says by this proposed amendment; Young men and women who participate in the rehabilitation and restoration of our nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic treasures will gain an increased appreciation and understanding of our public lands and of the value of public service, and are likely to become life-long advocates for those values. The work of conservation corps can benefit communities adjacent to public lands, through improvement of civic engagement and participation among corps participants and those they serve, improving student engagement, student achievement, graduation rates, and college attendance rates, and the improvement and rehabilitation of public assets, including parks, forests, trails, rivers, estuaries, and coastal and marine areas.

The Secretary shall undertake, or contract for, a program to attract eligible youth to the Corps by publicizing Corps opportunities through high schools, colleges, employment centers, and other appropriate institutions. This ensures they will get interest for a target group of 16-25 year olds.

The Secretary may recruit from programs, such as agency volunteer programs, and from veterans groups, military retirees, and active duty personnel, such adults as may be suitable and qualified to provide training, mentoring, and crew-leading services to Corps participants. This is good because they are expounding and giving a definitive group to target.

All in all I like this proposed bill because it will give young people a chance to work and get paid to learn about this country while trying to preserve it.

Works Cited

H.R., 111th Cong., U.S. G.P.O. (2010) (enacted). Print.

H.R., U.S. G.P.O. (2009) (enacted). Print.

Maurice Epitaph

April 9, 2010

Maurice Williams was one of the greatest people you didn’t know about. He had a normal childhood but his adulthood was extraordinary. He was cool as the other side of the pillow. When he walked he had the power of an elephant but he moved with the grace of a gazelle. It could never be proven but many people believed he could communicate with animals. There are many stories that can be shared about Maurice but only a few will be told.

            He set out one summer to see America, he wanted to get out and meet people while seeing the country side. One stop was in Nashville Tennessee. He went into restaurant to get something to eat and there was a group practicing. He gave his order and took notice of the group. He liked the songs that he heard but felt the guy singing lacked flair and needed help with one of the songs. Maurice went over and suggested that the guy change the song mud hound to hound dog. He also gave the guy some tips on how to move his hips when he performed. This guy was Elvis Presley; he used all of Maurice’s suggestions and tips and went on to become one of the greatest rock and roll performers of all time.

                Maurice continued to travel across America enjoying each city and town he passed through.  He stopped in Chicago to enjoy some deep dish pizza and polish sausage. After over indulging on this fine cuisine he decided to go to the gym to burn some of these calories off.  Maurice had just finished lifting four hundred pounds twenty times when a guy asked him to come play him one on one in basketball. Maurice, unable to resist a challenge, said yes and proceeded to the basketball court. Where was the hidden camera for these games? These two pushed and banged on each other like a jack hammer to concrete. The crossover dribble they used on each other was magnificent. Maurice’s jump shot compared to a Picasso painting, it was masterful. The other guy when he jumped it was like he suspended himself in air. A total of fifteen games were played with Maurice winning eight and the other guy winning seven. Upon leaving the court Maurice told the guy if anyone ask you what your nick name is tell them to call you “Air”. Maurice also told him he should have his own basketball shoe. This guy was Michael Jordan who went on to become “Air Jordan” arguably the greatest basketball player of all time.

            Maurice went on and made it to all fifty states, touching the lives of many more greats. He taught Michael Jackson the moon walk at never land. He helped Joe Montana with his throwing and Pete Rose with his hitting. Maurice secretly worked with Walter Payton, Barry Sanders, and Emmitt Smith. Maurice even worked with Wayne Gretsky, he taught him everything he knows.

            The next time you see one of the greats in any career asked them if they learned from Maurice Williams and you will be amazed at their response. Rest in peace Maurice as you were formally known as the best kept secret, this epitaph has just leaked it. 

       

Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2009

April 5, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

ENGL 123

01 April 2010

          I would like to give some back ground on the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993. The Act establishes in the Department of Agriculture and the Department of the Interior a Public Lands Corps, consisting of individuals aged 16-25. The Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of the Interior each may use the Corps, or any other qualified youth or conservation corps, to carry out appropriate conservation projects. The Secretaries are authorized to provide room, board, transportation, medical care and other necessary services, and to establish conservation centers for project use. Corps members must be paid a living allowance and are eligible for student loan forbearance or national service educational awards under the National and Community Service Act. The Act also authorizes the Secretaries to place resource assistants, at least 17 years old, with federal land managing agencies and nonprofit organizations to carry out research or resource protection activities.

Mr. Grijalva and Mr. Rahall have introduced the following bill to amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service-learning opportunities on public lands, help restore the Nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources, train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts, and promote the value of public service. I argue this is a good bill and will do what it says by this proposed amendment; Young men and women who participate in the rehabilitation and restoration of our nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic treasures will gain an increased appreciation and understanding of our public lands and of the value of public service, and are likely to become life-long advocates for those values. The work of conservation corps can benefit communities adjacent to public lands, through improvement of civic engagement and participation among corps participants and those they serve, improving student engagement, student achievement, graduation rates, and college attendance rates, and the improvement and rehabilitation of public assets, including parks, forests, trails, rivers, estuaries, and coastal and marine areas.

  RECRUITMENT.—The Secretary shall undertake, or contract for, a program to attract eligible youth to the Corps by publicizing Corps opportunities through high schools, colleges, employment centers, and other appropriate institutions. This ensures they will get interest for a target group of 16-25 year olds.

If You Steal My Car I’m Not Sure I May Not Hurt You

April 2, 2010

Maurice Williams

Chris Manno

ENGL 123

01 April 2010

If You Steal My Car I’m Not Sure I May Not Hurt You

            I grew up in a very small town in Georgia along the border of Alabama and Florida. I had to work for everything I received. So if I wanted a new pair of pro ked sneakers I had to do extra work in the garden. I do not mean a small one in the backyard; I mean a big one on the side of a road. You see in the country, where I grew up, fresh food was the way of life.  I mean complete meals would be fresh food. Even the meat would be fresh, that’s right you could go out in the back yard and catch a chicken, dress it, prep it and drop it in some grease. I tell you this because I value my possessions. I work hard for the things I own and I do not want them taken away from me. I know some are more fortunate than others but we all have the same opportunities.  Therefore, people should not steal from other people, if you must steal, steal from a company.

            Now I would like to offer you some information and statistic on stolen vehicles. The popular 1995 Honda Civic continues to be the top pick among thieves, holding onto that position for the 2007 calendar year, according to the “Hot Wheels” report released in July 2008 by the National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB). And while the types of vehicles being stolen remain consistent from year to year, overall car theft in the U.S. declined almost nine percent in 2007. “The continuing national decrease in vehicle theft is a positive sign that the fight against vehicle theft by law enforcement, the insurance industry and the NICB continues to be effective,” said Robert M. Bryant, NICB’s president and chief executive officer.

The most recent NICB report listed the 1991 Honda Accord as the second-most-stolen vehicle, followed by the 1989 Toyota Camry. In fourth position, the 1997 Ford F-150 was the highest-listed pickup truck as well as the most stolen domestic-branded vehicle. The only other domestic brands on the list were also trucks — the 1994 Chevrolet C/K 1500 and the 2004 Dodge Ram Pickup. Other perennial favorites among thieves include the Acura Integra and Nissan Sentra. According to the NICB, thieves continue to target these older vehicles because they provide the best market for stolen vehicle parts.

The NICB encourages everyone to follow what it calls a “layered approach” to auto theft protection by employing simple, low-cost suggestions to make vehicles less attractive to thieves. The four layers include common sense, a warning device, an immobilizing device, and a tracking device. The least expensive form of defense, common sense simply means using the standard anti-theft features of a vehicle by locking the car and taking the keys. The second layer is a warning device or alarm on the vehicle. The third layer suggests some sort of immobilizing device, such as a fuel cutoff or smart key that prevents the vehicle from being driven. The fourth layer consists of a tracking device allowing law enforcement officers to track and recover a vehicle if stolen.

            Now that you have some useful information and know how I feel about my possessions, I must tell you I’m not sure I will not hurt you if you steal my car.

Works Cited

“America’s Most Stolen Cars.” 29 Oct. 2009. Web. 01 Apr. 2010.

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March 29, 2010

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